Holistic development of personality in the light of Swami Vivekananda's Thoughts

Geetima Bhagabati Assistant Professor, Dhamdhama Anchalik college, Department of Education


Introduction : Personality of a individual is regarded as  deeply ingrained and relatively enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings and practice . It is the way through which one react and interact  with others. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English defines personality as “whole nature of character of a person”.  Holistic personality development refers to the integrated development of one’s  intellectual, emotional, social, spiritual, physical, and professional potential. It can be said all-round development of one’s personality. Holistic personality development ensures that by proper education one may become competent in developing physical power, mental strength, emotional stability, intellectual capacity, social relationship, as well as professional quality and spiritual energy. Each aspects relates to important needs for holistic development of personality. The integration of all aspects is needed in sustaining a happy and healthy life for all human beings as well as effective professional practices.

      Swami Vivekananda, one of the famous Philosopher as well as Educationist in the Indian history believed that development of good personality in every human being is very essential in case of national building.  Swamiji emphasized on man-making education for human development as well as national development  . According to him man-making education is possible only through the development of good personality traits.

 Discussion and Findings:  Swamiji suggested that Education should not be for stuffing some facts into the brain but should aim at reforming the human mind for development of personality. According to the viewpoint of Swami Vivekananda, all round harmonious development of personality is possible if proper attention is given to the five dimension that are involving in forming and developing the human personality. Theses are
 1. Physical self. 2. Energy self. 3. Intellectual self.  4. Mental self 5.Blissful self.
Now we are going to discuss about personality Development in the light of Swamiji's thoughts regarding following aspects-
Physical aspects:  Swamiji was very concerned about the proper care  and nourishment of the body. He urged,  “  You will be nearer to heaven through football than through the ‘Gita’. Be strong my young friends “. This statement indicates that how strongly he felt about one’s personal development.  He believed that proper exercise, practices of Yoga boots not only physical fitness but also necessary for moral strength.
Mental aspects: According to the Bhagavad Gita, the undisciplined mind acts as our enemy where as a trained mind acts as our friend.  Swamiji believed that for   development of one’s personality, we need to have a clear idea of the mechanism of our mind. The mind is always restless by nature. As a result our goals  of life are deviated.  Therefore full control over the mind is essential. For grooming up the personality calmness of mind and concentration are necessary.
Intellectual aspect: All human beings have god gifted intelligent but it should be cultivated and nurtured. The intellectual self is stimulated by the reading of books on philosophy,  moral science and biography.  Vivekananda says,” fill the mind with high thoughts,  highest ideals,  place them day and night before you, and out of that will come great work.
Spiritual aspects: Vivekananda describes god as the supreme power and omniscient He is Infinite existence, infinite knowledge, and infinite bliss. Vivekananda finds the manifestation of God in man. There is eternal communication of man with God. He always  stood for universalisation and spiritual brotherhood. He says, “if you cannot worship your brother man, the manifestation of God, how can you worship a god who is unmanifested. “
Some essential qualities for personality development:
1.    Faith in oneself: Swamiji held faith in one’s potential divinity. Faith in God came next only to faith in oneself.
2.    Think positive thoughts: positive thoughts based on our inherent divinity are essential for a strong character.
3.    Attitude towards failures and mistakes: Swamiji appreciated  committing mistakes and learning from them rather than leading an inert existence like a wall, which cannot even tell a lie.
4.    Self-reliance: Man is maker of his own destiny, said Swamiji: “we are responsible for what we are ,and whatever we wish ourselves to be, we have the power to make ourselves. “
5.    Renunciation and Service: Swamiji held selfless service as a paramount means to character development. Swamiji considered the twin ideal of our nation  were renunciation of selfishness and desire for the fruits of action.
From above Discussion we can explain that Swami Vivekananda advocates that personality development implies progressive identification with higher dimensions of personality. Thus a person identified only with the physical dimension without exercising his higher mental, intellectual and spiritual faculties ,  lives not far different from animals,  whose pleasure and pain are restricted to the sensory system. For this reason all the aspects are most essential for total personality development.


In modern period  people faces lots of challenges in personality development such as oppression, depression, aggression, corruption and may more. These are the phenomenon highly infecting for educated people through out the world. It resulted from the deviated or disintegrated personality, rich in knowledge and property but poor in ethics. Now a days present Education system is facing tremendous amount of value crisis. The knowledge gained by the student is not relevant but it is applicable only to examination.   Now we live in 21st century. It is a period of invention and innovation. Holistic personality development is an innovation in itself aiming at improving the quality and efficiency of leaning process. It prepares us not only to learn but live up to the expectations of desirable learning outcomes.
Swamiji's Educational thoughts has very great significant today because modern period has lost much of its Connection with the value of human life.

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